الجمعة، 25 يوليو، 2014




n the article the author Andrew Scott Cooper in October of 2008 entitled (face Doha - oil agreement of confidentiality that helped the fall of the Shah) reported that confidential documents for (Brent Scowcroft), who was working at the time of the administrations of presidents (Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford) and removed declassified revealed that in 1976 the United States has the support of Saudi Arabia to impose cut oil prices; leading to a financial crisis that has destabilized the Iranian economy, and weakened the grip on power of the Shah and the precipitated downfall. 

Has revealed documents Scowcroft also published in WikiLeaks (Wiki Leaks) which is about the texts of conversations and memoranda and correspondence between the two presidents (Nixon and Ford), as well as Secretary of State (Henry Kissinger) a lot of secrets that relate to Boukfalla revolution that toppled the Shah and the most important to the offending president in the financial crisis of Iran, which led to his downfall is the policy of the United States with the support of Saudi Arabia, which has defied the meeting of OPEC in December 1976 in Doha Iran's proposal to raise the price, and announced on the tongue and former oil minister (Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani) that the Kingdom Stbtal any effect of raising the price, and it dumped the world markets with cheap oil. 

It was the Kingdom of watching with keen interest the growing military capability of the Iranian army of arming modern and training, where Iran has been dubbed the policeman Gulf that time, which was concerned about Saudi Arabia, another reason also matter Kingdom is that the American plan to protect the oil wells in the Gulf kingdom in the event that those areas to any dangers it includes Iran's support, so saw Saudi Arabia it in their interest to support the U.S. approach toward Iran to curb military power growing Iranian army on the other hand considered Kingdom this support an opportunity to strengthen its position as a strategic ally of the United States in the region instead of the Shah. 

The opportunity arose to get rid of the Shah in the mid-seventies the calendar, after a dispute between the Shah and the U.S. administration, where Europe and the United States under financial pressure is difficult because of high oil prices; For its part, the United States was trying hard to push oil prices down in any way but for his part, Shah was adamant to keep prices high to cover the huge spending plans for the budget of the Iranian government, and the United States considered its insistence that a departure from the policy aimed to reduce oil prices. 

He was former secretary of state (Henry Kissinger), which describes the Shah that he was an ally of the United States has said that the Shah "is out of line with respect to oil prices." This difference between the two parties was a green light to the kingdom to replace Iran and become the first ally in the region of the United States, rather than Iran, so initiated Kingdom and expressed willingness to resolve the problem and help the United States to force prices down, and the deal was (Kissinger) with Saudi Arabia on prices include a stop or curtail oil exported from Iran, to weaken the position of the Iranian proposal to raise prices by reducing oil prices, which reflected thus on fiscal revenues to the Iranian government, which led to a weakening of the position of the government of the Shah Vsagotha​​. 

  Which is what happened at the meeting of OPEC famous in the (Doha) Qatar's capital in December 1976 after the participants called for the implementation of the promises of agreement (Bali), which was held in the month of May of the same year, which was agreed in which the OIC Member States to freeze prices for six months, but some countries in the Doha meeting backed away from their promises and have expressed their opposition to the price increase and pledged to Saudi Arabia on the lips of the oil minister (Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani) dumped the markets with cheap oil to curb rising prices. 

The goal of dumping is to weaken Iran's position towards the control oil prices and curb the power of the Shah, which supports higher prices, a point of contention with the U.S. administration, so it was the Kingdom of the agreement with the United States to pump more to flood world markets with cheap oil, which requires a final on any role Iran's influence in the oil price in full, and has already begun the Iranian economy is suffering from low prices since the beginning of the first week of January 1977, where the process has global glut of oil to unrest within the markets, which led to the reduction of Iranian oil production by 38%, and reduced revenue and financial revenue from the oil causing the re-Shah's government to write its budget to cope with the new developments is natural that have occurred in world oil markets, and canceled plans for new spending and froze foreign aid programs and crisis forced the Iranian government to obtain an emergency loan worth 500 million from the United States and Europe, but all that has not worked. 

  After about ten months of the Doha meeting, and continued price cuts began Iranian people complain of austerity policy pursued by the government, and began the demonstrations against the Shah in the month of October of 1977, and took the demonstrations gradually turn to civil resistance, and intensified over in January 1978 after Login religious elements in the demonstrations, which grew and spread during the period from August to December 1978 in all parts of Iran, which called for the shah by the end of the day to leave Iran into exile on January 16, 1979, which coincided with the return of Khomeini from exile in the French capital Paris. 

Later confirmed a senior economist government of the Shah that the government had predicted the possibility of a decline in oil prices, but did not expect it to reach lower oil prices to those levels, though the government tried to Iranian adjustment of status, but the financial crisis had worsened more than led to the announcement of the budget led to a severe deflationary rising unemployment and increasing unrest that helped boiling Iranian street and the descent of millions to call for the fall of the Shah and his government. 



So according to the data prior to say that management presidents (Nixon and Ford) Saita and tremendous support from the strength of Saudi production of oil to undermine the strength of the Shah to control oil prices, but it caused the abort, which is more than they aspire to him the U.S. administration and Saudi Arabia as a strategic partner of the United States , where the fall of the Shah led to a series of events unfinished chapters until this moment, and that the Iraqi army began to enter the territory of Iran in 1980, which is interference by some as an attempt by the U.S. administration to modify its mistake in Iran.

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