السبت، 26 يوليو، 2014



Facing companies producing oil and invested in oil shale American challenge of the possibility of exporting the crude oil in the formula to outside the United States in pursuit of competitive prices and an increase in revenue from its investments. In contrast to the companies, the ranks of local rejects the idea of ​​selling U.S. crude oil abroad, since you want to keep it the way it is since 1975 when a law to stop the export of crude oil. 
This law is in the interest of refineries that buy domestic oil at low rates as compared to international prices paid almost $ 10 less than the world price for the combination "Brent" record check record profits compared to other local refineries that rely on imported oil from abroad. And do not mind the presence of the first refineries in the U.S. market glut of local domestic oil. And there was no more the price of oil surpluses licenses domestic oil and pour it in their own interest. 
Each of the parties and points of view worthy of consideration. But are the American consumer ultimate goal is not to be subjected to an increase in the price of gasoline, which is the most important engine of his daily life. Apart from that he sees in the dispute just a conflict of interest. And moved lobbies to influence Congress to pass a resolution clings to the law or to abolish it in 1975. 
In the view of investors in this sector, the time is right to allow the export of crude oil to the U.S. abroad as long as the United States has spare capacity of existing refineries and oil-dependent light can not consume more, while other refineries import heavy oil from abroad. Taking America to be almost self-sufficient in oil light, there is no choice but to export the outside in the event of increased production as expected. 
Current laws do not allow the export of oil to the outside except to Canada, and the derivatives of petroleum products and the U.S. do not face the problem as it began to emit more and more of them. It is expected to increase America's production of oil shale is between one and two million barrels per day by 2016, and production of this oil is on the rise from the current rate of eight million barrels per day and is expected to reach 12 million in 2020. 
And to allow the U.S. to export oil abroad will definitely help in increasing investments in this area and will help in the creation of additional jobs may outweigh million jobs each with an annual increase rate of one million barrels per day. And increased oil prices relative to domestic refineries, it will not affect the prices of petroleum products locally because it is more linked to world prices, and because the tax rate on motor gasoline is the lowest in the major industrialized countries. 
Some U.S. companies, which owns some of the oil fields began to sell traditional fields for the same amount of money to invest in shale oil fields. The best example of the company "Marathon" which the U.S. sold its stake in the North Sea, sending locally to the oil shale. Something you should consider about the real orientation to this new sector and much of Alastfhamat questions. Will compete oil shale actually conventional oil? 
Now America is divided about the options and alternatives, knowing that most of the refineries are based on the import of cheap oil from heavy oil-producing countries, but it was to invest in the refining sector of manufactured products and derivatives specifications uniform, and was always benefit because of the price difference between light and heavy oil. From here starts the role of lobbies the U.S. Congress, each team supporters, especially local refineries, which claims that allowing the export of oil to the outside would mean increasing the price of gasoline to the consumer local, accuses refineries local oil companies wanting to make profits fantasy at the expense of the American consumer, which if formed convinced by the proposal would kill the export of oil shale in the case. 
Very difficult to answer these questions firmly and absolutely positive. It remains in the end, the option is based on an American lobbies that will prove to be the strongest.

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